2018 PNWMA race license & registration

BCORCS race event signup

BCORCS Results

BCORCS Series Points Standing

BCORCS Manufacturers
BCORCS Bike Number Listing
CXCC-W Points Standing

BCORMA’S Racing Handbook

NOTE: If you have any questions or concerns about racing, please feel free to check out the rules or use the contacts page to contact a member of the PNWMA Executive who will kindy answer your question. If you’re going to play by the rules, or even stretch the rules, than please read the rules.

One of the PNWMA’s crowning achievements is its off-road series. It consists of each club putting on a race under the banner of the PN.  The member clubs organize the event following guidelines put down by the PN to make the series uniform. The the PN manages the overall points and awards for the series.

There are 13 races in the 2018 off-road series with events ranging from Castlegar to Quesnel to Bellingham. There are around 500 riders involved in the races with 13 classes, so each rider has a class they can be competitive in.

In order to race, you need a motorcycle that is capable of race speeds and abuse for two to three hours. You’ll also need safety gear since accidents to happen. and you’ll need a license. The license you’ll need is the PNWMA Competition License, which allows us to track your results for the series, the PN will also post overall results and posters on their website. If you do well you can be eligible for trophies and the coveted winner’s jacket given to each first place overall rider in their class.

The main reason for racing varies for many riders. For some it’s the challenge of being the fastest in the woods, for others it’s the adrenaline rush, and a few riders understand that “the stopwatch never lies” adding an infallible witness to their right to brag.  But no matter what your reason for ending up on the start line, remember to have fun out there.

BCORCS Classes

There are thirteen classes in the PNWMA BCORCS Series. Please choose the one that you feel is the best fit for your skill level.

1)   Master (AA) Fastest riders, any age, any size engine. A course

2)   Expert (Open A) Fast riders, any size engine. A course

3)   Veteran Expert (Vet A) Minimum 30 years old at time of signup – 39 years, any size engine. A course

4)   Intermediate (Open B) Experienced riders, any size engine. A course

5)   Senior Expert (Senior A) Minimum 40 years old at time of signup – 49 years, any size engine. A course, B time

6)   Women Expert (Women A) Fast riders, any size engine. A course, B time

7)   Super Senior (Super Senior) Minimum 50 years old at time of signup, any size engine. B course

8)   Legends (Masters Q) Minimum 60 years old at time of signup, any size engine. B course, B time, separate start line

9)   Veteran Amateur (Vet B) Minimum 30 years old at time of signup – 39 years, any size engine, B course

10)  Senior Amateur (Senior B) Minimum 40 years old at time of signup – 49 year, any size engine, B course

11) Junior Over (Open C) Novice and beginners, 16 years old at time of signup or older, any size engine. B course

12) Women Amateur (Women B) Novice to experienced, any size engine. B course

13) Junior Under (15 & under) 15 years old or younger at time of signup, any size engine. B course

Mid-Season class changes can be made. A rider must fill out another license form and present a current valid PN license (Otherwise the rider will pay for a new license.) The rider’s old class points will be frozen and all points from the date of change will be placed in the rider’s new class. The rider can only change to a similar or more advanced class, never drop down, also the rider will not be allowed to race in his/her previous class.

BCORS Regions

PNWMA BC Off-Road Championship Series Regions

BCORCS is divided into two Regions:  Coastal (BCORCS-C) and Interior (BCORCS-I).  The idea is to allow racers and option of racing part of the series in a smaller more local format rather than running the entire series.

The Coast – (Region #1)
1. Piston Run Hare Scramble, Chilliwack BC, GVMC
2. Nicola Valley Bar Bender, Merritt BC, NVDRA
3. Toasted Hare Scrambles, Bellingham WA USA, MBMC
4. Monkey Wrench Cross Country, Lytton BC, WCDR
5. Vedder Cross Country, Chilliwack BC, VMMC
6. Dirty Dog Hare Scrambles, Bellingham WA, USA, MBMC


The Interior – (Region #2)
1. Big Kahuna Hare Scrambles, Kamloops BC, GKMA
2. The Night Pig Hare Scrambles, Vernon BC, OOMC
3. The Squealin’ Pig Hare Scrambles, Vernon BC OOMC
4. Outback Bushwack Hare Scrambles, Quesnel BC, QCCMA
5. Rev Limiter, Silver Star Mountain BC, SSDBC
6. Tree Hugger Hare Scramble, Castlegar BC, WKDAS
7. Chuwells Challenge Cross-Country, Kamloops BC, GKMA

Rider Number Plates

These are recommended for riders to aid in scorekeeping and identification by spectators. These are not essential. If you do use numbers then please use the last three numbers of your PNWMA license. There will be no penalty for using other numbers and colors but we ask you to refrain from this to avoid confusion.

Class Number Color Background Color Class Number Example
Masters (AA) White Red 1000 MST 1000
Expert (Open A) Black White 2000 EXP 2000
Veteran Expert (Vet A) Black White 3000 VET EXP 3000
Intermediate (Open B) Black Yellow 4000 INT 4000
Senior Expert (Senior A) Black White 5000 SEN EXP 5000
Women’s Expert (Women A) Black White 6000 WMN EXP 6000
Veteran Amateur (Vet B) Red White 8000 VET AM 8000
Senior Amateur (Senior B) Red White 9000 SEN AM 9000
Super Senior (Super Senior) White Black 7000 SUP SEN 7000
Legends White Black 7500 LEGENDS 7500
Junior Open (Open C) Red White 10000 JUN-OVR 10
Women’s Amateur (Women B) Black White 11000 WMN 11000
Junior Under (15 & Under) Red White 12000 JUN UND 12000

PNWMA has contacted a couple of local graphics companies and provided them with PNWMA logos, so this way you can add these logos to your graphics kit.

ORS Points

Position Points Position Points
1st 30 11th 10
2nd 25 12th 9
3rd 21 13th 8
4th 18 14th 7
5th 16 15th 6
6th 15 16th 5
7th 14 17th 4
8th 13 18th 3
9th 12 19th 2
10th 11 20th and over 1

21 or worse = 1 point
Good samaritan or work points = the average of points collected over the season

The points for the off-road series are then tallied at the end of the year and the best races are counted towards the series totals

A riders best scores of the series are totaled for Series Awards

Also to qualify for points a rider’s best scores are totalled. Appendix B of the Rules and Regulations has a current listing of the amount of throwaways depending on the class and series that you’re racing in.

Throwaways & Work Points


Throwaways are determined part way through the race season, for further information please continue to check our website.

Work points & Good Samaritan:

For those registered racers that decide to help out at a race, there are still points available for you. One method is to work the event. This is dependent on the organizers, but it is an easy way to make points for the year. The other is the Good Samaritan rule which allows a racer who stops to help a downed rider. In both cases the racer gets an average of the points they received all season. Overall points are calculated on all the events raced, while the regions are calculated on the regional events raced.


The transponders may be kept for as long as you decide to race.

The transponders used by the Race Timer system are EXTREMELY durable, requiring virtually zero maintenance. When ready to use, they’ll be programmed with your rider number, and as you change classes / rider number through the years, you need only reprogram it with your new rider number.

The system is easily able to differentiate between riders at the checkpoint – regardless how close they are together. If you have lost of forgotten your transponder, additional transponders are available at signup.

The transponder must be affixed to the inside of your helmet visor. The transponder will not work if it is mounted anywhere else. Take the time to ensure that the transponder is securely mounted. Remember – the transponder is YOURS, so take the extra time to ensure you don’t lose it.

Sound & Spark Arrestor Testing

Riders will be expected to take their motorcycles to tech inspection at every event. Bikes will be tested for sound and should be at 96db or less. Riders will also be expected to have an approved spark arrestor on their motorcycle. There will be random sound and spark arrestor checks throughout the year. A rider will NOT be permitted to start a race without a spark arrestor installed on their motorcycle.

PNWMA statement of registration and liability

Newly enacted BC Law mandates registration of Off- Road motorcycles (ORV). The responsibility to meet / comply lies with the owner / racer/ rider. It is the responsibility of the bike rider / owner to meet all the government requirements. The PN will not be monitoring or enforcing the law. We strongly encourage all bike rider / owners to register their ORV’s.

2018 Acceptable Helmets for Competition

The PNWMA as the sanctioning body of the British Columbia Off-road Series adopts the following standard for acceptable helmets for competition. The participants must wear a helmet that is approved at a minimum by the DOT standard; however we highly recommend that participants wear helmets that met either the SNELL foundation M2010 standard or the ECE R22-05 standard.

Fore more information, Please see Helmets under Rules and Regulations .

Race Sign Up Guide

Download Race Sign Up Guide PDF

For More Info

Please check out the PNWMA website at pnwma.com  for more information, or check us out on Facebook  at: www.facebook.com/groups/pnwma

License fees are applied to PNWMA costs including printing, website and other expenses. All work is done by volunteers.

The aim of the PNWMA Off-Road Series is to go out and have fun.

2018 Rules and Regulations


PNWMA Class NMA Class Description
Masters (1000) AA Fastest riders, any age, any size engine. A course.
Expert (2000) Open A* Fast riders, any size engine. A course.
Vet Expert (3000) Vet A Fast riders 30 – 39 years, any size engine. A course.
Intermediate (4000) Open B* Experienced riders, any size engine. A course.
Senior Expert (5000) Senior A Fast riders 40-49 years, any size engine. A course, B time.
Women Expert (6000) Open B* Fast riders, any size engine. A course, B time.
Super Senior (7000) Super Senior 50 years or older, any size engine. B course.
Legends (7500) Masters Q* 60 years or older, any size engine. B course, B time, separate start.
Vet Amateur (8000) Vet B 30-39 years, any size engine. B course.
Senior Amateur (9000) Senior B 40-49 years, any size engine. B course.
Junior Over (10000) Open C* Novice and beginners, 16 years or older, any size engine. B course.
Women Amateur (11000) Women B Novice to experienced, any size engine. B course.
Junior Under (12000) 15 & Under Novice and beginners, 15 years or younger, any size engine. B course.


*Note: For Expert, Intermediate and Junior Over riders on 200cc or smaller 2–stroke and 250cc or smaller 4-stroke motorcycles, DO NOT sign up for 200A, 200B or 200C classes in States races. The points will not transfer over. Sign up for Open A, Open B or Open C class instead.

PNWMA Licence required to ride any of these events. Available at signup or on our website.                

Valid NMA Licenses honoured.

Technical Inspection at all PNWMA BCORCS events. Maximum 96 db. Random sound testing will be aimed at obviously loud motorcycles. Failure may result in suspension of points.

Women have the option of riding any class, depending on ability.

Spark arrestor mandatory at all events.

Download BCORS Classes PDF


Competition License Application

Note:  If you are reading this on the website, you should purchase your license online.  Use the RACE LICENSE link at pnwma.com/points

Download Competition License Application PDF




An acronym for Department of Transport, DOT is the is US government approved standard and, in the United States, is the most popular. DOT standards are aimed at protecting skulls from 90% of impact types ( low to moderate energy impacts according to the HURT Report) and favours a more shock-absorbent helmet. The maximum G-force allowed by the DOT test is 250g’s, an impact of 200 to 250 g’s to the head would result in a severe, though probably survivable brain injury (the DOT anvil is either flat or “kerb shaped” depending on the test). The DOT’s favouritism towards more shock-absorbent helmets seems to fall inline with recent studies indicating that absorbing the force of an impact is more important than resisting the impact.


The Snell Memorial Foundation is a not-for-profit, independent organisation established in 1957 and is named after William “Pete” Snell, a famous racing car driver who was tragically killed in 1956 when a helmet failed to protect his head during an accident. The Snell M2005 is the “old standard” and favours a more shock-resistant helmet, the M2010 is the new, more shock-absorbent standard. The Snell M2005 test allows an impact-shock of up to 300g’s, a 250 to 300g impact would result in a critical head injury. The M2010 standard allows a maximum of 275g’s (the Snell anvil is a steel ball shaped rather like a tennis ball, they also test with flat and “kerb” shaped anvils). The Snell M2005 standard is widely believed to be too “hard”, the newer M2010 is set to replace it completely in 2013, the M2010 standard favours more impact-absorbent helmets and a helmet that passes the M2010 test will probably also pass the DOT and ECE R22-05 tests (though this isn’t guaranteed). Snell certified helmets are allowed by the AMA for professional motorcycle racing however the M2005 standard will no longer be permitted after 2011.

ECE R22-05

Developed by the rather lengthily named United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, this is the most common helmet certification internationally, required by over 50 countries worldwide. It is approved for all competition events by AMA, WERA, FIM, CCS, Formula USA and the big one – MotoGP. It, much like the DOT standard, favours a more impact-absorbent helmet allowing a maximum of 275g’s (the ECE R22-05 anvil is either flat or “kerb shaped” depending on the test). The ECE R22-05 is arguably the most up-to-date helmet certification standard, it’s wide use in a variety of high-level motorcycle racing classes is reassuring to many. The ECE R22-05 has more in common with the DOT standard than either the Snell M2005 or M2010 standard, an ECE R22-05 certified helmet are likely to pass the DOT test and vice-versa.

Download Helmets PDF

Fees & Tariffs

0.) This schedule has been edited on February 1st, 2017

0.1) The funds noted will be the same in either Canadian or American funds unless otherwise noted.

1.) PNWMA Competition License for the Year – Individual: $40.00
2.) PNWMA Competition License, Weekend – Individual: $20.00
3.) PNWMA Competition License for the Year – Family: $60.00
4.) PNWMA Competition License, Weekend – Family: $30.00

4.1) A family is defined as a parent and their dependents, under 19 years of age, residing at one address.
4.2) A weekend license can be upgraded to a yearly license at the next event.
4.3) A individual license includes one transponder.
4.4) A family license includes two transponders.

5.) PNWMA BCORCS Levy: $2.00 per rider

6.) PNWMA Non BCORCS Levy: $1.00 per rider

6.1) The funds from Non BCORCS Levy are solely to be used for land access efforts.

7.) Extra transponders: $5.00

8.) Non-compliance penalty: $2.00 per rider

8.1) This is a fine levied if the Executive deems that a gross violation of the PNWMA Rules and Regulations has been made. The fine is payable to the Host Club.

9.) Club Membership fee: $75.00

9.1) This provides contact information event date listing on the paper calendar as well as contact information, dates, and link with poster hosting on the website.

10.) Motorcycle Sport and Event Calendar Advertising: $150.00

10.1) This provides advertising on paper calendar as well as on the website
which includes a link.

Download Fees & Tariffs PDF

Spark Arrestor Policy

The PNWMA mandates that all racers must utilize a spark arrestor on their motorcycle, this requirement is necessary to comply with Provincial law and to meet the conditions of our insurance policies. This requirement will be strictly enforced to achieve a level playing field for competitors and to comply with legal and insurance necessities. The responsibility for ensuring compliance with this policy lies with the club hosting a PNWMA sanctioned event. The host club must inspect each motorcycle at the same time as the sound test. Any competitor found to have removed or disabled a spark arrestor after the inspection will not be able to race, it should be noted the PNWMA does not refund entry fees after a racer has been signed up. Listed below are spark arrestors types deemed suitable for competitors in the PNWMA ORS series.

Acceptable Spark Arrestor Types

  • Original equipment manufacturer screen type or turbine type spark arresting exhaust silencers.   Note: Some OEM silencers have a spark arrestor installed but do not display a USFS endorsement, these are acceptable as are those with a USFS stamp.
  • After market exhaust silencers that are supplied with a spark arresting device and which display the USFS approval.
  • After market and stock exhausts modified utilizing a add-on spark arrestor displaying the USFS approval. Examples of this type include Pro Moto Billet, Cobra, Fastway, Enduro Engineering, FMF and others.
Download Spark Arrester Policy pdf

Sportsmanship Code

It is the stated goal of the PNWMA to provide a level field of play for competitors on which to pursue the challenging sport of off-road motorcycle racing. As in all  competitive sport it is necessary that participants adhere to the principals of fair play,  integrity and respect for their fellow racers and volunteers. Off-Road  racing is an intense sport both physically and mentally and at times passions run high, however this does not excuse abusive behavior or seeking to gain an unfair advantage. The PNWMA asks that the first step of resolving a conflict be handled by the involved parties privately. In cases where an aggrieved party feels unable to settle the dispute the host club should be notified. Only after the host club has been involved and no resolution is achieved should the PNWMA competition committee be asked to intervene.  The PNWMA has put in place rules that govern disputes, any disputes must be submitted as described in the rule book. All decisions of the competition committee are final. Racers are asked to refrain from using social media platforms to dispute rulings issued by the host club or competition committee. If a racer wants a hearing regarding their dissatisfaction with a ruling they may submit their concerns to the PNWMA by post, email or attend a PNWMA meeting.

Download Sportsmanship Code PDF

Sustainable Trail use Statement

The off-road racing community of BC is incredibly fortunate to have access to some of the most spectacular, varied and challenging terrain anywhere. The opportunity to compete on trails in coastal rain forests, rugged river valleys, interior plateaus and mountainous alpine areas is unique to our series. The PNWMA recognizes that the access we enjoy comes with a need to limit our impact, this requires planning on the part of the clubs hosting events. Areas of concern include wet lands, wildlife habitat, range lands, historically significant locations, streams and rivers. With proper planning clubs can balance environmental concerns with the desire to provide racers with a challenging off-road experience.


Guide Lines for Hosting an Event


Host clubs should remain flexible with regards to the lay-out off their race course, recent rain fall or periods of extended dry weather may necessitate changes to the loop. During times of dry weather some terrain becomes very loose or silty developing deep ruts which may require repair for future use. Heavy rains or recent snow melt may create standing water and run-off destabilizing trails and increasing potential damage. Wind storms and downed trees prior to an event may result in excessive braiding or multiple lines forming adding to increased wear and tear. Clubs should always pre-ride the course immediately prior to the race to ensure the loop is passable, and make changes as required.


Trail Selection:

Consideration should be given to which trails are used during a race, more difficult terrain may require separate A and B sections to allow beginner classes a challenging yet passable loop. Trails that are very steep and prone to erosion should be used as down hills whenever possible. A race course that gains elevation by using roads and gradually climbing trail, experiences less erosion than a loop which climbs steep trail sections. The race course arrowing should be easy to follow and consistent to avoid racers getting lost and riding terrain not intended as part of the race. The host club should make every effort to balance the desire to provide a challenging loop with the need to conserve our trail resources.



A plan should be put in place to allow for providing garbage disposal and porta-potties to ensure no waste is left behind. Garbage bags should be made available to racers to allow them to pitch in with maintaining a clean staging area.



The riders meeting and awards ceremony are both good venues to mention the need to keep the staging area clean. Signage around the race staging area asking participants to use the provided garbage bags/cans and avoid sensitive terrain pays big dividends with keeping riding areas open for motorcycle use.  Also by mentioning the benefits of limiting our impact to the trails when racing and play riding we can help to spread the word about conservation. Included below is the TORCA wet weather riding guide and links to other trail conservation resources.


Riding in the Wet – A message from TORCA Trail Director

February 28, 2015

We are fortunate living where we do; mild winters and a lot of different riding destinations to choose from, which means riding is a round the year possibility. This benefit does come with a couple of drawbacks, firstly, and most prominently, it rains here… A lot! Recently, we’ve seen record rainfalls, and the heavy rain events have been frequent enough that adequate drainage has not occurred, leaving the ground totally saturated, the lack of snow also means that trails don’t get a rest period, so they are seeing heavier than normal traffic for this time of year because people aren’t able to ski, two events that can be problematic.

With modern trail building practices that follow the IMBA and Whistler trail standards, the trails are able to withstand bad weather and heavy traffic better than ever, but building to these standards is incredibly labour intensive, not always the most ideal solution for a particular area, in turn, this means that the trail will not necessarily be able to handle high traffic or wet weather, so it’s good to know how to identify trails that will handle the rain, and also to understand what trails are best left for drier days. It’s really difficult to tell someone not to do something, and the aim of this article is to educate so that you can make an informed decision on when and what to ride.


Before You Ride:

Think about what trails you are going to ride:
-Soil Type: Are they typically muddy?

-Trail Grade: How steep are they?

-Special Restrictions: Are there any special restrictions put on by the builder or trail group?

-Plan Your Ride: Do you have a backup plan in case conditions are worse than anticipated?


Soil Type:

The type of soil on the trail bed contributes to how well the trail will drain. In it’s natural state, the forest floor is made up of sticks, pine needles, leaves and other organic debris that is in various stages of decomposition. This material is known as duff, and if you pick it up, it’s loose, doesn’t pack, can hold a lot of water like a sponge, and when worked will break down into a black, sloppy muck that takes a long time to dry out. It’s the trail surface that is typical for ‘loamers’, the primitive trails that when dry are the dirt equivalent to skiing on a powder day, but in the wet, they are greasy, fragile and waterlogged. If you finish a ride and are covered in mud, then that mud has come from the trail, and it’s not going to be replaced without intervention, it’s a good marker for erosion!

The gold soil that has become ubiquitous with modern trail building is the local mineral soil. It’s a mixture of fine gravel, sand, silt and a small amount of clay with minimal organic matter. It is technically called loam (which is often confused with duff as mentioned above). When it’s worked, it will compact down, and the clay and silt will bond everything together forming a hardened layer that can shed water and is very resistant to wear from foot and wheel traffic. Building trail with this is labour intensive, generally consisting of removing the duff, back filling with rock, and crowning with soil to form the trail surface.

Rock is fantastic, it doesn’t really wear (although it can get polished), it doesn’t change, it can handle any amount of weather, but it can also channel water onto the rock-trail boundary, and the end of rock sections will often be rutted because of braking and water erosion.


After a heavy rainfall, it takes time for the trails to dry out to a rideable level. With armoured mineral soil trails, they can sometimes be good through the rain event or up to two or three days after. Organic surfaced trails can take weeks to dry out properly depending on the slope of the hill, sunlight and other factors.


Trail Grade:

Water on a trail is generally bad, but it becomes an erosive force when it’s moving, and as it’s speed picks up, so does it’s potential for damage. A well built, well maintained trail will have out-slopes on the trail bed to sheet water off to the side without it picking up much momentum, as a backup, there will also be grade reversals, small speed bumps or changes in grade from downhill to uphill that force the water off the trail before it can turn into a creek.

Standing water is generally not an issue unless the ground is totally saturated, at which point it will soften and riding through will create channels that could either promote water flow/channeling, or more common, people will choose to ride around the puddle because they don’t want to get wet, which turns that lovely narrow single track into a wide swamp.

If a trail is very steep, the water will pick up momentum quickly, meaning that it’s more likely to channel and erode if the water isn’t managed properly. Not a problem if the trail is down to hardpan, but also, not the most desirable trail surface to ride on. Channeled water is also unpredictable, so the trail surface, when eroded, could be hazardous.


Special Restrictions:

Sometimes, because of conditions, fresh work that needs to bed in and set, or a variety of other reasons, a trail may be temporarily closed. Check with the local builder or organization to find out if there is any current issue before starting your ride. If you come across something like this mid-ride, please respect the closure, even if it does mean you don’t get the ride you like. Letting trails rest now means that they will be better in the future!


Plan Your Ride:

Before you start your ride, know where you are going, plan some contingencies in case conditions turn bad and your destination is now not suitable for the conditions. If it is wet, tread lightly, don’t ride full speed and skid everywhere, as conditions will be a bit more fragile as well as unpredictable.


Have Fun!

Every day of riding this time of year is a bonus day, since we haven’t really had a traditional winter. If you treat every ride like this following the guide above, then you will be.


-Steve Sheldon, TORCA Director of Trails


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Mission Statement
Section 1. Competition Committee
Section 2. Host Club
Section 3. Pointskeeper
Section 4. Competitors
Section 5. Admission into the Off-Road Series
Section 6. Complaint Procedures
Section 7. Posters
Section 8. Rules Section
Section 9. Race day

Download Rules PDF

Mission Statement

The aim of the Pacific Northwest Motorcycle Association (PNWMA) is to provide an off-road motorcycle racing series that is fun, flexible and affordable for both competitors and volunteer workers.

The rules written herein are intended to provide a uniform set of rules and regulations for PNWMA Off-Road Series Events. Each competitor and participant in the series must understand off-road racing is dangerous and must assess the hazards involved and assume the risk of participation.

Competition Committee

Section 1. Competition Committee

1.1) The Competition Committee is to be made up of the PN Executive and one
member from each sponsoring clubs to represent the club at meetings and each
Series event.

1.1.1) A Competition Committee is to be a minimum of three people. Participants
with a conflict of interest are to excuse themselves from participating.

1.1.2) A sponsoring club is defined as a club or association that organizes an
event in the off-road series, and is in good standing with the PNWMA.

1.1.3) If an event is cancelled for the calendar year, the Host Club still retains its
privileges with the Competition Committee for that year, subject to PN
Executive approval.

1.2) Members of the Competition Committee may pre-ride any course up to the day
before the event, and if deemed necessary, and discuss with the Host Club and
changes that may be needed, (i.e. dangers, ease of riding for all classes, course
markings, etc.).

1.3) The Competition Committee must be able to listen to disputes in a quiet area and
settle them to the best of their ability. The Host Club must stand behind their
decisions. All decisions are final.

1.3.1) A protest levy of $50.00 is to be paid to the Competition Committee before
a protest will be considered. Levy will be returned if the protest is upheld.
Any retained protest levies will be donated to the ISDE fund.

1.4) The PN Executive may asses a penalty per competitor to any Host Club who is
found in violation of PNWMA rules at any event.

1.4.1) Any Host Club found in gross or repeated violation of any of the rules and
regulations listed herein, or found operating their event in a manner that the
majority of the Competition Committee finds unsafe, unfair or
unsportsmanlike, may have their event removed from the PNWMA Off-
Road Series.

1.4.2) Any judgements passed by the Competition Committee, as well as any
evidence or testimony, must be recorded in writing and signed. The aim of
this is to justify the actions of the Competition Committee.

1.5) The PN Executive will review standings each year and compile a list of riders to
be moved up. Once a rider has competed in a specific class, he may not drop to a
lower class without receiving approval from the PN Executive.

Mission Statement

2.1) The Host Club must ensure that all requirements for an off-road event are met,
and that appropriate agencies are informed and approval from appropriate
agencies has been attained.

2.1.1) The Host Club also must ensure a reasonable level of safety is maintained
on the course. This is done by following the PNWMA Arrowing Guidelines
to the best of the Host Club’s ability and by providing proper first aid
services. Without 2 qualified First Aid Attendants (minimum level 2) there
shall not be a race. There is to be a minimum of 4 sweep riders per event
and the Host Club must ensure the safe return of all competitors and
volunteers. Sweep riders are to wear hi-visibility vests.

2.1.2) Inclusion into the PWNMA Off-Road series is at the discretion of the PN

2.1.3) Host Club must ensure proper equipment for the scorekeepers, including a
true sine wave generator, (ie, Honda or Yamaha, 2000 Watts)

2.1.4) Host club must have sign up area ready 45 min before sign up starts. This
includes generator, tables and pop up tents.

2.1.5) Sign up area and race scoring will be in the same location. Not to be moved
between sign up and race scoring.

2.1.6) Host club to provide tech inspection/sound check and be ready when sign
up begins.

2.2) The Host Club must give the Pointskeeper or his/her representative money for the
rider levy according to Rule 2.2.3, a copy of the results sheet and the names of
competitors working the event for points.

2.2.1) The Host Club is responsible to sell PNWMA Competition Licenses to all
competitors except Sportsmen or other support classes that don’t require
competition licenses.

2.2.2) Northwest Motorcycle Association (NMA) competitors are not required to
buy a PNWMA license to race any PNWMA event, however their points will
not be tallied by the PNWMA unless they do.

2.2.3) For every entry in an Off-Road Series Event, the Host Club must pay the
PNWMA a Rider Levy, according to Schedule 1, Section 3. , for every entry
in a Pacific Northwest Motorcycle Association Rules and Regulations
Family Trail Ride Event, the Host Club must pay the PNWMA, a Family
Trail Ride Levy, according to Schedule 1, Section 4.
Pacific Northwest Motorcycle Association
Off Road Series Rules and Regulations

2.3) The entry fee will be set by each club.

2.4) Competitors are to be divided into thirteen classes:

1000 Master

Fastest riders, any age,
any size engine. A course

2000 Expert

Fast riders, any size engine. A course
Open A

3000 Vet Expert

Fast riders, 30-39 years, any size engine.  A course
Vet A

4000 Intermediate

Experienced riders, any size engine. A course
Open B

5000 Senior Expert
Fast riders 40-49 years, any size engine. A course, B time
Senior A

6000 Women Expert

Fast riders, any size engine. A course, B time
Women A

7000 Super Senior

50 years or older, any size engine. B course

Super Senior

7500 Legends

60 years or older, any size engine. B course

Masters Q

8000 Vet Amateur

30-39 years, any size engine. B course
Vet B

9000 Senior Amateur

40-49 years, any size engine. B course

Senior B

10000 Junior Over

Novice and beginners,
16 years or older, any size engine. B course
Open C

11000 Women Amateur

Novice to experienced, any size engine. B course
Women B

12000 Junior Under

Novice and beginners, 15 years or younger, any size engine. B course
15 & Under

2.4.1) The Host Club may run other classes if desired, but the results must be
organized so the Pointskeeper can accurately place all Series competitors

in one of the thirteen classes. The Host Club is encouraged to run other
non-competitive classes to promote our sport i.e. Sportsman.

2.4.2) Sportsman is a non-speed event and is not to interfere with the main event.

2.5) Hare Scramble courses should be 5-12 kilometers (3-8 miles) long and a total of 3
hours, with short course competitors, riding 2 hours. Cross Country courses
should be at least 13 km long at a total of at least 3 hours, with short course
competitors riding at least 2 hours. Host Clubs must specify if their event is by
time or by loops completed. If scored by loops completed, Host clubs must
attempt to ensure that the race complies with the time guidelines on the day of the
event. Host clubs may shorten the race course or time due to extreme conditions.

2.5.1) Definition of long course competitors:
1000 Master
2000 Expert
3000 Vet Expert
4000 Intermediate

2.5.2) Definition of short course competitors:
7000 Super Senior
7500 Legends
8000 Vet Amateur
9000 Senior Amateur
10000 Junior Over
11000 Women
12000 Junior Under

2.5.3) Senior Expert and Women’s Expert competitors ride the long course at the
short course time.
5000 Senior Expert
6000 Women’s Expert

2.5.4) The definition between long and short course classes may be changed
based on the majority of competitors in the class and the discretion of the
Host Club.

2.5.5) A clock must be placed on the course, before time check to allow riders to
time out before crossing the check. This clock must be placed in a location
that allows riders to stop without impeding other riders.

2.5.6) . Once the completion time for the shorter course has been reached, any
rider on that course must take his place in the existing line up. If there are
still riders on a longer course coming through the check, those riders must
be allowed to bypass the lineup to proceed through the check.

2.6) An hour before the rider’s meeting must be set aside for practice on hare
scrambles courses. This is done for both safety and to minimize home track

2.7) Two fully trained First Aid persons must be present at all events. If the PNWMA is
arranging insurance, the Host Club must adhere to insurance provider’s
requirements or coverage will be voided.

2.8) Results must be posted half an hour (30 minutes) before trophy presentations, to
allow for disputes. Postings must be done in a location accessible to all
competitors. Reposting time will be 5 minutes if the original half hour has lapsed.

2.8.1) The Host Club has no obligation to hear disputes after the trophies have
been handed out.

2.9) Once a rider has left the start line, he/she may not change motorcycles. No ride
switches shall be made. One rider per motorcycle (except team events).

2.9.1) A competitor who stops racing to assist an injured person will receive an
averaged score (“Good Samaritan Points”) as the discretion of the Host
Club and/or Competition Committee.

2.10) All courses are to be marked with arrows and wrong way markers, where ribbon is
used only where arrows are not feasible. Each loop must have a minimum of two
checks to prevent competitors from course cutting.

2.11) The Host Club is responsible to perform a sound check, to keep sound levels of
the competitors below 96dB. The meter is to be held at a 45 degree angle from
the centerline at the same level as the highest exhaust port and at a distance of
50cm (20 in) from the end. The motorcycle is to be operated at half of its
maximum revolutions per minute.

2.11.1) Any motorcycle failing a sound check may not race at the discretion of the
Host Club and/or the PNWMA Sound Marshalls or Technical inspector. Any
motorcycle failing three sound checks in a season will not be allowed to
race until the motorcycle is able to pass the sound check. A conditional
pass may be granted by the PN Executive/Competition Committee if prior
arrangements are made.

2.12) Motorcycles must have a US Forestry Service Approved spark arrestor or
equivalent in place to prevent fires.

2.12.1) Any motorcycle without a spark arrestor may not race at the discretion of
the Host Club and/or the PNWMA Sound Marshalls. Pacific Northwest
Motorcycle Association Rules and Regulations

2.13) The rider is responsible for the condition of his/her motorcycle, however, the Host
Club, PNWMA Sound Marshalls or Technical Inspector may refuse to allow any
rider to start his motorcycle if it is not in safe operating condition.

2.13A) Riders must wear a minimun DOT approved helmet. (See Helmet certification
article on the website, pnwma.com)

2.14) No tires with metal studs may be used.

2.15) The PN scoring system is to be used at all races. A manual backup scoring
system must also be in use. Any variation of the current tag system used is
acceptable. Minimum backup can be the recording of tag numbers in order of
arrival to ascertain the order and laps of the riders

2.16) All scoring and timekeeping concerns will be discussed with the PN scoring
committee well in advance of the event.

2.17) Host Club shall pre-ride the course the morning of the event to ensure the course
is safe and the marking is complete.


3.1) The Pointskeeper is responsible for issuing Competition Licenses. Only those
competitors who buy the PNWMA Competition License will have their points
tallied. The License is not retroactive, and is valid from date purchased only.

3.1.1) Any competitors changing class mid-season require approval from the PN
Executive for the appropriate class. Competitors can only transfer up one
class per season with no points transferring.

3.2) The points will be tallied according to the following system:
Finish – Points:
1 – 30
2 – 25
3 – 21
4 – 18
5 – 16
6 – 15
7 – 14
8 – 13
9 – 12
10 – 11
11 – 10
12 – 9
13 – 8
14 – 7
15 – 6
16 – 5
17 – 4
18 – 3
19 – 2
20 – 1
20+ – 1

3.2.1) Any competitor may work one event for points, which is awarded as the average of
his best scores up to the maximum counted for his/her class. Competitors collecting work
points must be assigned to a work position before the race starts and cannot start the
event as a competitor.

3.2.2) The Good Samaritan points are calculated as the average of his best
scores up to the maximum counted for his/her class.

3.2.3) Club members who work more than 2 or more of their own club events can
earn a maximum of 2 work party points if they ride 50% of the series.

3.2.4) Sponsors who have both days of their event on back to back weekends are
eligible for averaged work points for the previous day’s event if they ride
50% of the Series.

3.2.5) There will be tiebreakers for first place. In the event of a first place tie, most
wins will win, if still tied then the victor of the last race competed by both
riders shall determine the champ. A tie is a tie for the remainder.

3.2.6) Competitors in the following classes may not be moved into another class if
they win the class.
3000 Vet Expert
5000 Senior Expert
6000 Women’s Expert
7000 Super Senior
7500 Legends

3.2.7) Any rider who consistently demonstrates dominance in any class is eligible
for bumping as determined by the Competition Committee.

3.2.8) Racers must apply to receive a Masters license.
Pacific Northwest Motorcycle Association
Off Road Series Rules and Regulations

3.3) A competitor’s best scores of the series are totaled for Series Awards for the
overall series. This is an approximate guide.
1000 Masters 80% of series events
2000 Experts 65% of series events
3000 Vet Expert 60% of series events
4000 Intermediate 60% of series events
5000 Senior Expert 60% of series events
6000 Women’s Expert 60% of series events
7000 Super Senior 60% of series events
7500 Legends 60% of series events
8000 Vet Amateur 60% of series events
9000 Senior Amateur 60% of series events
10,000 Junior Over 55% of series events
11,000 Women 55% of series events
12,000 Junior Under 55% of series events

3.3.1) The exact tally of the amount of races that count towards series awards will
be listed in Appendix B

3.3.2) Additions to the rules concerning the regions are listed in Appendix A

3.4) Point standings should be posted after every few events.

3.5) The Pointskeeper should consult the Competition Committee regarding any
competitor whom in the first events of the Series places in the top 20% of a higher
class, to ensure sportsmanship. That competitor must move up one class.

3.6) The PNWMA Executive will arrange for the Awards Night.

3.6.1) The PNWMA will provide trophies for the overall class dependent on the
number of competitors in that class at the end of the year. Any competitor
who participates in less than four (4) races will be removed from the overall
trophy calculation. One trophy will be awarded for every seven competitors
(14% of competitors.).


4.1) Any competitors unaffiliated with any club may request a sponsoring club or a
member of the executive to act on their behalf regarding concerns over the Off-
Road Series. However competitors doing so must have a valid Competition

4.2) No competitor at any time ride in a manner, which endangers the safety of other
competitors, officials or the public, and when in violation of this rule shall be
subject to immediate disqualification and suspension by the Host Club.

4.3) Competitors must remain on the marked course. A competitor leaving the course
can only continue in the event by returning to the point where he/she left the

4.4) No competitor shall ride backwards on the course. Violators will be subject to
immediate disqualification.

4.5) No competitor will be allowed to compete when under the influence of any
intoxicant or drug, which can affect their mental or physical ability.
4.6) Any competitor that defaces, changes or destroys markers wilfully shall be
disqualified from the event.

4.7) All competitors are responsible for the actions of their pit crew and may face
penalties for their actions.

4.8) All competitors must ensure that their motorcycles meet the technical
requirements for racing which are;
4.8.1) Possession a United States Forestry Service (USFS) approved spark
arrester or equivalent.
4.8.2) An exhaust system, which is able to meet a 96dB sound requirement.
4.8.3) Failure to meet the requirements listed in subsections 1 and 2, may result
in disqualification and or removal from the event, by either the PNWMA
Competition Committee or the Host Club.

4.9) The transponder must be placed as requested and is the responsibility of the

4.10) Competitors can have numbers on their motorcycles. It is recommended that they
use the last three digits of their transponder/license number and the color scheme
outlined below. Riders may also use their position in the overall series from the
previous year if they were in the top ten riders. This is transferable between

Class Number Color Background Color Class Number Example
Masters (AA) White Red 1000 MST 1000
Expert (Open A) Black White 2000 EXP 2000
Veteran Expert (Vet A) Black White 3000 VET EXP 3000
Intermediate (Open B) Black Yellow 4000 INT 4000
Senior Expert (Senior A) Black White 5000 SEN EXP 5000
Women’s Expert (Women A) Black White 6000 WMN EXP 6000
Veteran Amateur (Vet B) Red White 8000 VET AM 8000
Senior Amateur (Senior B) Red White 9000 SEN AM 9000
Super Senior (Super Senior) White Black 7000 SUP SEN 7000
Legends White Black 7500 LEGENDS 7500
Junior Open (Open C) Red White 10000 JUN-OVR 10
Women’s Amateur (Women B) Black White 11000 WMN 11000
Junior Under (15 & Under) Red White 12000 JUN UND 12000

Admission into the Off-Road Series

5.1) A club must provide contact information and payment of fees to the PNWMA.
Then their event will be included in the PNWMA calendar as an off-road event.

5.1.1) Club dues, calendar dates and other information for the following season
are to be submitted to the PNWMA no later than December 1st of this year.

5.2) Two or more representatives of the Competition Committee must either enter the
event or witness it’s operation and examine it for its suitability for inclusion into the
Off-Road Series.

5.3) The Competition Committee will vote to include the event into the Off-Road Series
in the following calendar year.

5.4) If a club is denied access into the Off-Road Series reasons for the decision will be
given to the club.

5.5) A Competition Committee club may co-organize an event with a non-committee
club to bypass the one year requirement. But do so with the understanding that
the Competition Committee club holds all responsibility for the event and may be
subject to any penalties incurred.

5.6) The new Club must sign an affidavit declaring that they have read and understood
the PNWMA Rules and Regulations and the PNWMA Arrowing Guidelines.

Complaint Procedures

6.1) It is highly recommended that any complaints made concerning off-road series
events should be made to the Host Club first. Complaints to the PN Executive
must be made in written or typed form and signed by the complaining parties. No
other evidence or testimony will be allowed. One member of the complaining party
must be a valid Competition License holder.

6.1.1) Complaints will only be heard concerning the actions of the Host Club and
its members, these complaints shall be directed to the Competition
Committee. Complaints concerning the behavior of other competitors will
be heard at the Competition Committee’s discretion.

6.1.2) The Competition Committee is not required to act upon complaints
concerning scorecards. It is the responsibility of the competitors in the
event to ensure that their tags are properly marked upon leaving the

6.2) The testimony will be forwarded to the Host Club unedited for rebuttal. If deemed
necessary by the Competition Committee, the Host Club will be placed on
probationary status for the following season. Fines may be levied by the
Competition Committee depending on the severity of the complaint.

6.3) If the Host Club receives similar complaints in the following season and shows
little or no sign of improvement, then the PN Executive at the following meeting
can vote to remove the Host Club from the Off-Road Series.


7.1) Posters are to be sent to timekeeper to proof read before they are distributed and
must contain PN logo, the entry fee, license fees (transponder included) and sign
up time.

7.1.1) Night sign up must be approved by PN scoring committee. This must be approved
before race weekend.

7.2) All posters for PNWMA Off-Road events require a warning about sound as per
Rule. Otherwise the posters would not be posted on the PN website and not
posted in mail-outs.

7.2.1) The wording of the warning should be; “Spark Arrestors Mandatory – Motorcycles
must meet a 96db sound limit”. The “Less Sound = More Ground” logo can be

Rules Section

8.1) If a rider cuts the course or misses a check, a penalty of disqualification, up to 5
positions in the results or the removal of one lap may apply. This penalty will be
decided by the Competition Committee.

8.2) Where double course markings are used on both sides of the course, riders
MUST stay between them. (IE: four arrows, tow on each tree on either side).
Penalty is disqualification.

8.3) Machines must be shut off when refueling.

8.4) A finisher is a rider who crosses the finish line with the correct number of checks.

8.5) A protest fee of $50.00 will be required before a protest will be considered.

8.6) Absolutely NO smoking will be permitted in the fuelling area (pit lane).

8.7) Use of tear-offs is to be discouraged. Preference is for a roll-off system with one
tear-off for starts.

8.8) At the start of the race the rider must attempt start his/her own bike without
assistance. If the rider requires assistance after his/her line has left help will be

Race Day

9.1 At the riders meeting the host club will relay the course conditions and cut off times.
9.1.1 In adverse conditions cut off time may need to be adjusted during the race.

9.2 Host club to provide communication between promoter, timing/scoring, sweep riders
and checkpoints.

9.3 All races will be dead engine start for all classes.

9.4 The maximum time any rider has to complete the race is double the A cut-off time. If
any rider is on the course after this time they will be sent back the shortest way
and be considered a DNF.

9.5 All riders MUST turn race tag into scoring in the event of a DNF/DNS.

9.6 The host club is responsible for all racers to be accounted for after the race is
completed (rule 2.1.1) and will begin to sweep once cut off has been called.

Figure 1.) Less Sound = More Ground logo

Arrowing Guidelines


1) Arrow Specifications
2) Marking Trail
3) Marking Turns
4) Confidence Arrows
5) Wrong Way Markers
6) Danger Markers
7) Road Crossings
8) Splits
9) Checkpoints
10) Examples of Course Marking

0) Introduction

0.1) The following arrowing guidelines are intended as a reference to be used in arrowing race courses for the Pacific Northwest Motorcycle Association’s (PNWMA) Off-Road Series. They are provided to allow for consistent arrowing of race loops throughout the Off-Road Series and to provide reasonable guidelines for the methods to properly mark a race course.

1) Arrowing Specifications

1.1) The PNWMA does not recommend using ribbon as a source of marking, even for short sections of trail. Ribbons are widely used by the logging industry and other recreationists the ribbons that other groups have hung can be easily be confused with race course marking leading to competitors getting lost.
1.2) Mark the entire course with one colour of arrows, the preferred standard being black arrows on a florescent orange background.
1.3) Arrows should be placed every 100-300m (300-900 ft) max
1.4) Staple arrows to a tree trunk (not a branch) at all four corners to protect against curling from overnight dew.

2) Marking Trail

2.1) Arrows should be placed on the trail ahead of where the rider’s attention is focused. For example, in a bend to the left, the arrow should be placed on the right side of the trail (outside of the bend). Arrows should be placed slightly above eye level, preferable just out of reach of a person sitting on a tall bike.
2.2) Arrows should be then stapled straight up and down if the trail goes straight. They should be slanted slightly if the trail bends to the left of the right. Three arrows minimum should be used if the trail makes a “U” turn.
2.3) An arrow should be visible at each branch in a trail, at all trail intersections and all road intersections. Even if the trail continues straight, every time the trail goes past a branching trail or crosses a road, an arrow should be visible to a rider stopped in a fork in the trail.
2.4) When the course follows on trail or a road for a long distance, it is important that arrows are not placed more than 300m (900 ft) apart. This is even true if there are no crossings or forks in the course, these arrows serve as confidence arrows. The layout crew might know that the particular trails goes on forever, without any possibility of getting lost, but the event rider does not know that.
2.5) Where double course markings are used on both sides of the course, riders must stay between them (ie: four arrows, two on either side)

3) Marking Turns

3.1) A single arrow pointing down at a 45-degree angle should be placed in the direction of the approaching turn, approximately 30m (100 ft) before all turns. This arrow alerts the rider that a turn is approaching and enables them to get ready for the turn. This is called the “get ready to turn” arrow.
3.2) Two arrows should be placed at all turns at the exact location of the turn. They should point horizontally to the left or the right. These are actual “turn arrows”.

4) Confidence Arrows

4.1) The first “confidence arrow” should be posted immediately after each turn (approximately 15m (50 ft)) to assure the rider that they are on the course. The arrow should be visible to a rider in the intersection. The absence of this first “confidence arrow” is an immediate tip that you may be off course.
4.2) The second “confidence arrow” should be posted just out of sight of a rider in the intersection. This marker will help prevent vandals from disrupting a race.

5) Wrong Way Markers

5.1) Placement of “wrong way” markers is critical. A wrong way marker should be visible to a rider in the intersection. But if placed too near an intersection, they are easily missed because the rider’s attention is devoted to avoiding collisions at trail and road intersections. They must be placed where the rider’s attention is straight at them. The preferred standard for a wrong way marker is a black W on a white background.
5.2) Two wrong way markers should be placed at all wrong directions at all intersections, branching trails or any time a trail splits. One at the start of the wrong trail and at least one more 10m (30 ft) down the wrong trail. This will pay off in rider satisfaction.
5.3) Wrong ways may also be marked by stretching yellow ribbon across the trail above the height of a sitting rider and then tie ribbon to dangle from the original ribbon. This allows riders to see the ribbon and to avoid removing it if they blow the corner.
5.4) Also in the other direction, a “CAUTION Race in Progress” sign should be erected at all approaches to the race course. This is aimed at keeping non-competitors from mistakenly entering the course.

6) Danger Markers

6.1) Danger markers should be either an “X” or three “down arrows”. Where dangerous conditions exist, danger markers should be posted far enough in advance of the hazard to allow the fastest riders sufficient time to stop. They should be posted 15m (50 ft) before the danger or further if the speeds are higher. A second danger marker should be posted directly at the danger, and one “confidence arrow” should be posted where the danger has passed.
6.2) Also yellow ribbon may be used to mark out hazards. This is to be saved for very dangerous hazards. Ribbon marking should be used IN ADDITION to danger arrows.
6.3)Effort should be made to ensure there are no head-height logs, no butt—end logs protruding towards / into the trail (spears / joepokes / tall stumps), no logs on high speed sections, no unmarked cross ditches, etc. Min 3 ft clear tread except log obstacles in low speed technical sections.

7) Road Crossings

7.1) All road crossings should be manned. Mark all upcoming crossings with one or more danger markers 100m (300 ft) before the crossing, and another 5m (20 ft) before the road. Riders should dismount their motorcycles before crossing the road.
7.2) According to the British Columbia Motor Vehicle Act, licensed motor vehicles have the right of way over unlicensed vehicles.

8) Splits

8.1) If A/B splits are used during an event they must be posted, splits should be manned if possible. All splits must be marked as follows:
“A” Riders – Masters, Experts, Intermediates (3 hour riders)
“B” Riders – Veterans, Juniors, Women, Sportsman (2 hour riders)
8.2) A sign warning “A/B Split Ahead” should be placed 50m (150 ft) before the actual split.
8.3) At the split, two or more 60cm x 60cm (2’ x 2’) signs should be place stating “A SPLIT 3 HOUR RIDERS” and “B SPLIT 2 HOUR RIDERS” with directional arrows by each sign.
8.4) Confirmation signs stating “A RIDERS ONLY” and “B RIDERS ONLY” on the split trails shall be placed approximately 10 yards and 50 yards(where possible) past the split.

9) Checkpoints

9.1) Checkpoints should be marked at their location, so that riders understand that they have to stop for workers at the checkpoint. This is to distinguish between course workers at a road crossing and a checkpoint.
9.2) Checkpoints can be marked with a sign “CHECKPOINT” and white ribbon. There is no obligation to provide advance warning of a checkpoint.
9.3) It is not recommended to provide a dead check. All checks must be manned for sporting and safety purposes.
9.4) Checks must be located so that the riders pass directly by the check with no alternate route.

Download Arrowing Guidelines PDF